Ornithose (Chlamydia)

Ornithose (Chlamydia)

The best known and most common pigeon disease is ornithosis; Literally, this word means "bird disease". For a long time this disease is known. As the name already says, the disease occurs not only in pigeons but in many bird species.

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Ornithose (Chlamydia) Causes
The best known and most common pigeon disease is ornithosis; Literally, this word means "bird disease". For a long time this disease is known. As the name already says, the disease occurs not only in pigeons but in many bird species. The cause of ornithosis is a virus. Nowadays, the ornithosis complex is known because it has been found that not only this virus (which has a different name but also Chlamydia) but also bacteria and mycoplasmata is partly responsible for all those inflammations and changes of the mucous membranes of the eye, nose, Throat and intestines.
The disease is not deadly. When the pigeon is kept in a good environment (hot and no trip), he will become better by himself. However, as this takes four days to three weeks, this slow cure for young pigeons in the fly season can not be expected because they miss the connection to further flights. Ancient pigeons who suffer from the Ornithose complex are obviously home at home; They are not in good condition and are not in shape. The ornithosis complex is also called the cold of the pigeons. The phenomena are similar to the cold we know about humans, even though the cause is quite different.
The ornithosis complex is caused by several germs together (different bacteria and viruses), which usually occur in any pigeon and usually do not harm.
However, when pigeons come in difficult conditions (this is called stress), the pigeon can become ill and suffer from the ornithosis complex. For example, after a tired trip, bad food, a damp cold cage or a ride. He may also be suffering from another disease (worms, coccidiosis, etc.).
But also, and this is very important, the pigeon can become sick when there are too many of those "normally" occurring germs.
This can happen when there are already pigeons in the cage that suffer from the ornithose complex. The first feature that we see when a pigeon suffers from the ornithose complex is that the bird has less flight glide. This is not specific to this disease. In almost all diseases we will notice this. As the disease progresses, we see some breath breathing; The pigeons are tired quickly, with the least effort to open the paws.
 
Illness
The first clear deviation we see at the eyelid edges; The white (or light pink color) then turns gray to brown and the edges become thicker. The eyeball usually shines and slightly moist eye.
There, too, the drainage tube, which causes the excess fluid to flow out of the eye, is hidden, the moisture will flow like tears from the eye and give a wet, inflamed place under the eye. In severe patients the upper eyelid will work on the lower eyelid.
The nose caps, usually chalk white, become gray in color and also look moist. The nasal mucosa is inflamed; Nasal discharge is the result. Also the pigeons will go sneezing. Due to the stimulus that gives the inflamed mucous membranes, the dove will scratch the head.
The mouth is usually opened slightly because breathing is difficult because the mucous membranes of the nose, throat and trachea are thickened. If the disease lasts for some time, it is possible that the inflammation of the trachea is so severe and that there has been such a narrowing that a particular noise is produced that we call reutels with every inhalation and exhalation. Because the intestines are also inflamed, the faeces are often no longer bound but thin. The pigeon is sick and will go to bed No more will be thrown away.
Briefly summarized are the phenomena of the ornithosis complex; Less flying glow, dark thick to lumped eyelids, a lot of fluid on the eyeball, dark nasal cavity with possible nasal discharge, sneezing, difficult breathing with throat and sometimes thin stools.
That some lovers like to have their pigeons in one basket without pigeons from other lovers, is understandable.
Touring is also a condition that causes the disease to occur quickly.
Thus, we sometimes see that the deviation of the eye and nose caps on one side occurs, with different pigeons in one cage, all on the same side of the head. Apparently there is a trip (due to incorrect air openings) in that cage. The English rightly call this disease; One eye cold one.
 
Shipment
The ornithosis complex is contagious, that is, one pigeon can make the other pigeon sick because of the various causes, the bacteria, etc., from the sick to the still healthy pigeon. This can happen via drinking water, taking contaminated feces, but also by air. In a pigeon house in which one or more pigeons are suffering from the ornithose complex, those sick pigeons will infect the remaining ones. Usually, there are several days between infection and the outbreak of the disease; So we get that the first sick are better again, while other pigeons show again one or more phenomena. A healthy post-pigeon has a reasonable resistance to the ornithose complex. However, if the conditions of the pigeons are not optimal (for example, too many pigeons in one cage, poor food, trip in the cage, strong fatigue, etc.), the pigeons will be more susceptible to this disease.
Young pigeons are more sensitive to the ornithosis complex than older birds that have apparently resisted.
Every year after the 2nd or 3rd flight (young or old) we see most ornithosis patients. Apparently they were infected during transport and they had a tiring flight, making them very sensitive to this disease. Young pigeons are particularly sensitive to the ornithosis complex. Most of the losses, apart from the weather, are largely due to the ornithose complex. Many young pigeons are trapped in a state that one can not say 'this pigeon is sick', but nevertheless, such a pigeon has no chance of a proper flight.
Such pigeons are at risk of contagion for other pigeons, surely when there are too many pigeons in one basket, the temperature and humidity are too high and it is for longer transport.
 
Prevent
Despite the fact that we do not know anything about this disease yet, we know how to prevent that disease.
The first measures are; Not too many pigeons together in a too small space, a properly ventilated cage and a dito car.
Furthermore, good hygiene is important, so a clean cage and a clean car. Regularly disinfect with eg Koudijs dryontsmetter.
Moist, moist air increases the disease rapidly.
It also turns out that younger pigeons are more sensitive to older pigeons and thus get sick quickly. Therefore, it is highly recommended never to place other youngsters (or pigeons from another cage) between the young pigeons. This is one of the most common mistakes that are being made.
The young pigeons will then be infected and (sometimes not even visible) suffer from the ornithosis complex and the consequences will not last out; Moderate to bad performance and big losses.
Make sure you have one round young pigeon in the young pigeon box, without any subsequent additions (even if it is particularly good).
 
Therapy
Treating the disease as such can occur in two ways. In the first place by medication and secondly by rest and warmth. Pigeons suffering from the ornithosis complex can be treated by injection (with bvantibiotics) or by a cure where the drug is taken by the drinking water.
Either against the ornithose complex is not possible. There are medicines that fight the condition well; Inject or a drinking water cure, possibly an eye powder. These medications are antibiotics, so only by using or dispensing the vet.
When lovers are faced with the ornithosis complex each year, the vet is asked for the fly season to treat their pigeons (so do not graft) against ornithosis.
Because many germs are killed, the chance is that these pigeons get the first time from the ornithose complex.