Paratypus (Salmonella)

Paratypus (Salmonella)

Parathyroid is caused by a bacterium from the salmonella group (the official name of the disease is Salmonellosis).

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Paratypus (Salmonella) Causes
Parathyroid is caused by a bacterium from the salmonella group (the official name of the disease is Salmonellosis).
Among the pigeon holders, the names are wing disease, lung disease, corneal disease and Belgian disease.
The first three names indicate the deviation that can cause the disease. The last name, Belgian disease, is a totally wrong name because this disease has not been discovered in Belgium, nor is it found in that country more than elsewhere. This name originated after the Second World War.
When many Dutch people went to Belgium to buy pigeons; Pigeons that became ill then suffer from Belgian disease (only a few sick birds members of paratyfus, most members of coccidiosis and worms).
 
Illness
Already in the place where the bacterium is nesting, we can expect deviations. The most common aberration is joint inflammation and, remarkably, almost always one of the elbow joint. Other joints may also be affected. The affected joints will be painful and there will be an increase in joint fluid so that this joint is much thicker than normal. As the joint can not function properly, the pigeon will be able to hang the wing with a wound joint and, with or without a leg, will not use the leg in a leg. When such inflammation persists for a few days, the joints will become stiff and never get well again. When the bacterium in the equilibrium body has done destructive action, the pigeon will turn the head to one side, so much so that the head position is rotated 180 degrees. The pigeon can not keep its head normal and will not take any food or drink anymore. When the bacterium resides in the intestine, it can give a bowel disorder and additional bowel movements to get a bowel inflammation with possibly diarrhea.
It is also possible that the bacterium increases in the liver, kidney or other organs. Preferred places are also the genitals, so the sprouts and the ovary. In the latter case no eggs or infected or unfertilized eggs will be laid.
As shown above, the paratyfusbacil can maintain and propagate in many places in the body, with preference sites elbow joint, equilibrium, intestines and genitals. It is very possible that the bacterium is located in the liver or intestine without the bird being affected or so little that the owner does not notice anything. Such birds are called carriers; When the bird is also secreting the bacterium, he is a secretor. This can be very difficult for detecting the disease.
Each time there are pigeons with paratypus signs. The carrier seems to be nuclear-healthy and can not be recognized as such.
 
Infection
The infection can only occur through the bacterial infected animals, so pigeons suffering from parathyroid and secretion of the bacteria are responsible for infecting the other birds. This is usually done via the stool, but it is also possible through the mucus from the throat or the milk. The bacterium can grow very quickly in a moist warm environment. Therefore, sick animals should be isolated as quickly as possible to prevent the risk of contamination. In a pigeon house (where the food is lying on the ground) or where it is carried on the ground (where the feces also lie), the risk of contamination is of course much greater than when fed into the feed bin. The traveling gloves can also be a source of contamination. When taking food and / or water, the bacteria (these are always very many) will enter the intestine and pass through the blood throughout the body unless the pigeon has a certain resistance and can destroy the bacterium.
 
Prevent
One can basically avoid the disease by ensuring that the pigeons can take paratyfus bacilli. This seems simple but impossible. Our pigeons fly around and can eat and drink without we wanting (and knowing). But even during transport, the pigeons can be infected. Good hygiene is very important. Pigeons can be vaccinated against paratypus. As described at the beginning of this chapter, inoculated bacteria are injected into the graft causing antibodies to be made by the dove. With particular emphasis, I would like to point out that bacilli are killed in the graft and therefore never inject the disease as such. If the pigeon is suffering from parathymphasia at the graft, the disease will worsen because antibodies made against the living bacteria are now being used against the injected dead bacteria and the living is given the chance to propagate. Extensive tests have shown that paratypus vaccination (and also the pox vaccination) has no adverse effect on flight performance.
 
Therapy
Pigeons suffering from parathyroid disease should be taken separately and treated by the vet. It is very possible that only one pigeon is infected; However, the chance that more pigeons are infected is greater and you should follow the advice of the vet exactly. To be able to say with certainty that a pigeon is suffering from parathyphus, one has to detect the bacteria or specific antibodies that are made for the pigeon if they suffer from parathyphus. If the pigeon has died due to paratyphus, the bacterium can be grown from the organs; In the living animal, the antibodies can be demonstrated via a blood sample. When the pigeon is secreted, that is to say, the bacterium is secreted with the faeces, it is possible with certain cultivation methods to demonstrate this special bacterium present between all other bacteria.
The big question is every time, should a pigeon suffering from parathyxis be treated, or should he be killed?
 
When a pigeon has a deviating joint for several days, this joint is almost always internally destroyed and the pigeon can never use its wing again. As a fly pigeon you can no longer hold this pigeon. If the pigeon is well treated with drugs and free from paratyfus bacilli and there are no organs destroyed besides the joint, such a pigeon can be useful for the culture. There is some risk, as it is never 100 percent sure that the pigeon is not a bacillar carrier.
Pigeons suffering from parathyroid and slimming or having an abnormal posture are very difficult to cure and, in practice, never appear to be good fly pigeons and are often carriers and outcrops. If there is one or more pigeons in a pigeon box, you should treat the whole colony; When a pigeon is infected, the chance is very high that the others are also infected, even though we do not see anything special at that moment. It is also possible that there is a pigeon that is divorced between all the pigeons that look good, and that the pigeons must be treated as quickly as possible to prevent further spread.
People may also become ill when infected with the paratyfus bacil, which may cause very severe gastrointestinal disorders, with possible headache; In small children and people with very little resistance, this disease can even lead to death.